Microdermabrasion for Dark Spots

Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive skin resurfacing treatment that uses exfoliation to gently remove the top layer of your skin and reveal the fresh layer underneath. Microdermabrasion is an excellent choice for those concerned about dark spots, melasma, dull complexion, uneven skin tone, or texture. The treatment itself is painless and requires zero downtime, making it an option that is perfect for almost every skin type and every schedule.

At Skincare and Moore, your safety and satisfaction are our top priorities. With over thirty years of combined professional experience, our dedicated team curates your individual treatment plan with the highest level of attention to detail, no matter the service. From a microdermabrasion treatment to natural-looking Botox injections, we strive to create an environment where you feel comfortable and cared for. If you have any questions or concerns about treatment plans or services, please schedule a consultation with our team via our website, phone, or email.

Schedule a free consultation Here, or give us a call: (720) 503-1100

What causes dark spots?

Screenshot 2023 03 30 at 9.55.23 PM 239x300 1“Dark spots,” or hyperpigmentation, result from the overproduction of pigment, which causes the skin to turn a darker color than the surrounding area. Hyperpigmentation is a common condition that can appear in many shapes and colors. Age spots, liver spots, and sun damage are common types of hyperpigmentation. The outermost shell of our skin, the epidermis, darkens when an excess of melanin – the brown pigment that produces skin color – forms deposits in the skin.

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How does hyperpigmentation occur?

Our skin is made of seven layers, each built to protect us from external elements, including UV rays, dirt, and debris. One of these layers holds the melanocyte cell, which is responsible for melanin production. Melanin produces skin, hair, and eye pigment; its most important responsibility is protecting our eyes and skin from UV rays. As a stress response, hyperpigmentation occurs when the melanocyte cell is triggered into overproducing melanin, most commonly due to sun exposure, trauma, or disease. 

*Fun Fact! Each person is born with approximately the same number of melanocyte cells. Differences in genetic skin color are due to the amount of melanin activated in the skin and how it is distributed. Read more about this here.*

Causes of Hyperpigmentation

The cause of hyperpigmentation depends on its source. The most common causes of hyperpigmentation are:

Sun exposure – Our bodies produce more melanin to protect the skin from prolonged exposure to the sun. This can cause dark spots or patches on the skin called age spots or sunspots.

Skin inflammation – Areas of the skin can darken after inflammation occurs. This can include acne, eczema, lupus, or an injury to the skin. People with darker skin are more likely to develop post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Melasma – Darker patches of skin can form when we experience hormonal changes. This type of hyperpigmentation is common during and after pregnancy.

Reactions to drug use – Certain medications, such as antimalarial drugs and tricyclic antidepressants, can cause hyperpigmentation; in these cases, the patches of skin may turn gray. Chemicals found in topical treatments can also cause hyperpigmentation.

Screenshot 2023 03 30 at 9.55.00 PM 1

 

Common types of hyperpigmentation

Nevus

Nevus is the medical term for a mole, which is very common. Most people have between 10 and 40, and theytypically appear as small brown, tan, or pink spots. Moles that you are born with are known as congenital, but most moles develop during childhood and adolescence and are known as acquired nevi. Moles can also develop later in life as a result of sun exposure. There are many types of nevi, some of which are harmless, but some can be pretty serious.

Stain

A skin stain is an abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular or irregular shape. A port-wine stain is a birthmark, a vascular type of nevus. Stains may occur after certain diseases.

Post-inflammatory

The pigment is deposited because of irritation, inflammation, or abrasion to the skin at the site of the trauma. Acne, dermatitis, psoriasis, eczema, and bug bites are the most common triggers. Allergies can also result in a line of pigment across the nose called the “salud line” and can worsen the appearance of under-eye circles. Darkened areas can appear after shaving-related ingrown hairs on the beard, underarms, bikini lines, etc. Poorly fitted undergarments and other friction of clothing may cause discoloration like “bra burn.”

Lentigo

Lentigines are small, yellow-brown spots in a flat, pigmented area similar to a freckle. When lentigines occur due to sun exposure, they are called actinic or solar lentigines. 

Tan

Exposure to the sun increases melanin production to defend against UV radiation. What people consider to be highly desirable tans are actually visible cell damage.

Melasma

As a result of hormonal changes during pregnancy or with birth control use, melasma is often referred to as a pregnancy mask because brown pigmentation appears on the face while carrying. It usually fades with time but can worsen with sun exposure. Melasma affects 5 to 6 million American women annually. While the precise cause is unknown, it has been linked with elevated estrogen in BCP and pregnancy.

Other types of hormonally induced discoloration can be caused by thyroid dysfunction, menopause, or hormone replacement therapy. It may or may not go away once the hormone imbalance is corrected, and discoloration has the potential to come back with hormone fluctuations and UV exposure.

What is the best Dark Spot Corrector?

Does vitamin C help with dark spots?

Vitamin C is crucial in collagen production, reducing fine lines and wrinkles and promoting youthful, firm skin. Functioning as an antioxidant, Vitamin C protects your skin cells from damage caused by UVA and UVB rays and inhibits melanin production, which will reduce and lighten hyperpigmentation, even skin tone, and enhance brightness. One of Vitamin C’s most important functions is encouraging cell turnover and regeneration, which increases your skin tone’s brightness and evenness.

Does Retinol remove dark spots?

Retinol is a form of vitamin A that stimulates the production of new skin cells, enhances collagen production, and evens pigmentation. Click here to learn more about retinol and how to introduce it into your skincare routine.

How can I remove dark spots at home permanently?

At home, EVERYONE should use a broad-spectrum SPF 30 or greater every day. Consistent use is essential for those trying to rid themselves of hyperpigmentation. For maximum effect, allow your SPF of choice at least 30 minutes to soak into your skin before exposing yourself to the sun. Reapply after two hours of sun exposure and repeat as needed, as a single day of excess sun can undo months of treatment. Click here to learn more about sunscreen protection.

Another way to rid yourself of hyperpigmentation at home is to build your skincare routine with it in focus. Performing the proper skincare routine with expert help can reduce your hyperpigmentation in as little as three to six months. Home care to include in your skincare routine include exfoliation, retinol, and vitamin C. It is important to note that retinol and vitamin C do not mix well, and we recommend using these two products on different days to ensure the best results.

Does retinol remove dark spots?

Along with exfoliation, it is essential to use retinol. Retinol is a high dose of vitamin A, which stimulates the production of new skin cells, enhances collagen production, and evens pigmentation.  Click here to learn more about retinol and how to introduce it into your routine.

Does vitamin C help with dark spots?

Yes! We highly recommend adding vitamin C to your home skincare routine. Vitamin C is touted as one of the best anti-aging ingredients on the market and the key to maintaining a smooth, even, glowy complexion. This is one of the most versatile ingredients that almost everyone should use. It is safe for most skin types and helps with hydration, brightening, reducing redness and under-eye circles, and improving hyperpigmentation.

Get expert help!

Sometimes home care is not enough! Expert treatments such as microdermabrasion, chemical peels,  derma-planing, and light therapy reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation.  Repetition is key!  One treatment will make the pigmentation lighter, but one remedy will not cure all. With cellular turnover, it is only a matter of time before the deeper pigment surfaces. Treatments are usually recommended every 3-4 weeks based on your skin’s condition. Skincare and Moore offer a variety of microdermabrasion tools in order to meet the needs of every different skin type and condition. 

Treatments for Dark spots

Chemical Peel (Acne, Wrinkles, Dark Spots)

Chemical peels strip away years of skin damage and dead skin cells by dissolving the cellular “glue” to reveal new, younger skin underneath. It rids the skin of dull debris and promotes collagen production to reduce the look of wrinkles, breakouts, age spots, or dark spots. It is a facial reset that resurfaces and clears away imperfections for a more radiant you.

Peels are not for everyone – they can be painful and have a week to two week recovery time. We highly recommend a consultation with us to determine if a peel is a right choice for your skin.

IPL

IPL stands for Intense Pulsed Light, a type of light therapy used to treat wrinkles, spots, scarring, acne, and rosacea. IPL releases rays of varying wavelengths, similar to a photo flash, which penetrate down to the second layer of your skin (dermis) without harming the top layer (epidermis.) The pigment in your cells absorbs the light energy and converts it to heat, destroying unwanted hyperpigmentation and acne bacteria and correcting wrinkles.

IPL cannot be used well on every skin tone. Those with skin four and higher on the Fitzpatrick scale are unsuitable candidates for IPL because the laser can not see the difference between dark spots and skin tone.

Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion is a minimally invasive procedure to renew overall skin tone and texture. It can improve the appearance of sun damage, wrinkles, fine lines, age spots, acne scarring, melasma, and other skin-related concerns and conditions. The procedure uses a unique applicator with an abrasive surface to gently sand away the skin’s thick outer layer to rejuvenate it.

Microdermabrasion treatments are great for those who do not qualify for chemical peels and those who are pregnant or on medication and can be combined with any other medicine. Microdermabrasion is an excellent option for those who fall on the higher end of the Fitzpatrick scale and may not qualify for chemical peels or dermabrasions. Please consult our team to create a treatment plan that best suits your skin type. Microdermabrasion reduces wrinkles, fine lines, sun damage, discoloration, scarring, blackheads, and enlarged pores. 

Microdermabrasion for Brown Spots

How Does It Work?

Our skin naturally grows a new outer layer approximately every 30 days, completely shedding old skin cells. This regular cell turnover means new skin is always just around the corner, but sometimes it doesn’t arrive quickly enough. For those struggling with skin concerns like acne, dark spots, or dry skin, extra help may be required to rejuvenate your skin and encourage a healthy, even complexion.

That’s where microdermabrasion comes in! By manually exfoliating the top layer of your skin, your provider can help you achieve the skin you’ve always wanted.

What to expect from a Microdermabrasion Treatment.

This treatment uses a handheld exfoliating device to thoroughly buff away the top layer of your skin, composed of dead skin cells that can make your skin appear dull. It is a safe and painless way to help your skin increase cell turnover, accelerating healing and promoting healthier skin in the process.

Personal treatment plans vary from client to client, but most find that a series of appointments helps them achieve their ideal results. It is common to have 5-16 appointments in a plan, with maintenance treatments scheduled every few weeks after completion.

How to Prepare for a Microdermabrasion

In the time leading up to your microdermabrasion treatment, we recommend the following:

Three weeks before your appointment:

  • Refrain from hair removal treatments like waxing and threading, which can irritate your skin
  • If you’ve recently taken Accutane or had laser surgery, your doctor may recommend that you wait a period of time before scheduling your first appointment.

Two to three days before your appointment, avoid the following:

  • Scrubs 
  • Acids in skin care, such as glycolic acid, lactic acid, and mandelic acid
  • Retin-A, retinol, and tretinoin
  • Exfoliating cream 
  • Sun exposure 

Day of your appointment:

  • Clean your face with a gentle cleanser 
  • Hydrate your skin by applying a daily moisturizing cream
  • Drinking a healthy amount of water

Screenshot 2023 03 30 at 9.57.58 PMOn the day of your microdermabrasion treatment for dark spots

You should arrive at your appointment with a bare face, and you may also bring a headband to hold your hair out of your face. Your esthetician will begin by cleansing your skin and using a handheld device to start buffing your skin. This may feel like sandpaper rubbing gently on your skin and should cause no discomfort. Your face’s exfoliation generally takes 30-40 minutes, while neck exfoliation takes about 20 minutes.

At the end of your appointment, your esthetician will apply a moisturizer and give you specific instructions to follow during recovery. You may notice that your skin is pink and more sensitive than usual directly after your appointment. These symptoms will fade over the next couple of days, and you can return to your normal routine immediately after treatment.

Microdermabrasion aftercare

Because you will have a brand new layer of skin at the end of your first appointment, it is crucial that you follow instructions as your skin heals. You’ll see the best results when you protect your new skin and encourage a quick and healthy healing process. The ideal microdermabrasion aftercare process is as follows:

  1. Don’t Forget to Sunscreen

For the first three days after your appointment, stay out of direct sunlight and wear plenty of sunscreens to shield your new skin from harmful UV rays. This step promotes healthier skin in the long run as it helps prevent signs of aging, uneven skin tone and spots, and even skin cancer. Always start your day with a layer of sunscreen and reapply every 2 hours if you spend an extended time outdoors.

  1. Avoid Irritation

As your skin heals, you should use gentle, non-irritating products. Do not use any exfoliating products in the three days following your appointment. You should avoid touching, rubbing, or picking your skin, which can slow healing. Lastly, do not use topical acne treatments or products with glycolic acid, retinol, or benzoyl peroxide for 24-48 hours. You should check with your provider to confirm that your everyday products are safe to use on your skin after treatment.

  1. Moisturize More

One of the best parts of this treatment is how it transforms your skin. You’ll walk out of your appointment with the softest skin of your life, and one way to keep it soft and smooth is by moisturizing often.

Your new layer of skin is more receptive to moisture and will need more moisturizer than normal to aid healing. Failing to moisturize your skin can result in the recurrence of issues like dull patches or cracked, flaking skin. Moisturize your skin in the morning, at night, and throughout the day if it begins to feel dry.

  1. Wait to Workout

Your skin will be much more sensitive during the first few days after your appointment. You may want to avoid heavy workouts that cause you to sweat for 48 hours after treatment to prevent irritation. If you choose to work out, it is perfectly safe, and you can wear a headband to soak up most of the sweat before it comes into contact with your skin. Be sure to wash your face immediately after your workout is over.

  1. Avoid Alcohol and Blood-Thinning Pain Relievers

Alcohol and blood-thinning pain relievers can prolong the healing process. Do not drink alcoholic beverages for 48 hours after your appointment. Do not take pain relievers like aspirin or ibuprofen for about a week after your appointment to promote quick healing.

Results of microdermabrasion for dark spots

This process will not give you permanent results like any other skin-resurfacing treatment. Your skin naturally resurfaces about once a month, meaning no skin treatment will last forever. However, if you follow your esthetician’s recommended treatment plan, you can see visible changes in your skin that can be maintained through a healthy skincare regimen and future appointments.

After your first appointment, your skin should feel incredibly soft and have a healthy glow, thanks to the new layer of skin the treatment has revealed. You should care for this skin according to your provider’s instructions until your next appointment, usually about a week later.

Most patients receive between 3-10 treatments to achieve their ideal results, which can include fading dark spots and age spots, combating acne, and decreasing the appearance of dull skin. At the end of your treatment plan, your skin will be refreshed and look brighter, leaving you feeling more confident in your appearance.

Who Is an Ideal Candidate for Microdermabrasion?

This treatment is effective on every skin type and color and is most often recommended for men and women between the ages of 12-65. With microdermabrasion treatments, we are able to address common skin concerns like dark spots, dull skin, dry patches, and acne by refreshing your top layer of skin. Best of all, it requires zero downtime and has an easy recovery process compared to other facial treatment options.

This treatment may not be ideal for those with deep scarring in the skin’s sub-layers, which top-layer resurfacing cannot address. It also cannot correct age-related wrinkles and fine lines. Finally, those with severe or cystic acne may not be ideal candidates. You should talk to your provider to determine if this treatment is right for you and your unique skin concerns.

How often do I need to do microdermabrasion?

While several factors will affect the frequency of your microdermabrasion treatments, we recommend coming to see us every 3-4 weeks. With regular maintenance, you can prolong your results and keep your skin feeling fresh and glowing.

Where to find a Microdermabrasion treatment

Screen Shot 2021 img 278x300 1Booking a consultation at Skincare and Moore is an excellent first step, as we can sit down one-on-one with you and provide details and guidance for your unique personal circumstances. Our team has over thirty years of combined professional experience, an extensive knowledge base, and expertise in aesthetics’ visual and medical components. In addition to beautiful results, our clients receive valuable education on treatment plans and aftercare instructions and can turn to our dedicated team at any time with questions or concerns. 

Schedule a free consultation Here, or give us a call: (720) 503-1100

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